Cayton Info 1: Cayton By Scarborough origins
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|Right: The church of St John the Baptist at Cayton by Scarborough 2010 where
the family worshipped since 1660 and were church wardens. Cayton had its church at the time
of the Norman Conquest. The Church of England describe it as a 'Medieval church in village
on southern outskirts of Scarborough.'
Below: The east end of Cayton by Scarborough church 2010
|'The Church, dedicated to St. John the Baptist, is an ancient structure consisting of
chancel, nave, north aisle and square embattled tower with crocketed pinnacles containing
three bells. It was restored in 1862 when the flat roof was replaced by an open timbered
one, the gallery removed and several new windows inserted. The chancel retains its ancient
piscine and from the discovery of another at the east end of the north aisle, we may infer
the presence of a chapel (probably a chantry), there in catholic times. The south doorway is
Norman with zigzag moulding. Other parts of the church are Early English and later styles.'
Source: Cayton Parish Council web site
|Above: Cayton village in 1854 Scale 1:10560 showing the centre of the village in which was sited Glebe Farm. A second farm appears to be located on the south-east approach.|
Cayton at the turn of the 18th century
From the parish records it is know that the Crumpton/Cromptons were resident in Cayton by 1650. However, the family name is not mentioned in Charles Richard’s ‘A short history of Cayton’. Contributions, in the book, give a flavour of life during the second half of the 17th century and the first half of the 18th century.
On the early history of Cayton, Sheila McGown writes:
‘The property boom which followed the dissolution of the monasteries in the 16th and 17th centuries saw a number of Cayton farmers buy their won properties. Some of these men flourished and provided leadership to a Cayton community with no resident gentry. … [T]he Hearth Tax, taken in 1674, gave 73 households. This suggests that the number of houses and people declined only slightly in nearly 300 years. In 1642, five Cayton Yeomen were presented at the Quarter Sessions for supporting a footway through certain lands called Bulmer’s lands between Cayton and Osgodby, by ploughing it up. This looks like an attempt at an early enclosure, when cattle farming was becoming more popular along the coastal strip south of Scarborough. In 1660 Cayton’s open fields were enclosed. Dairying, butchering and tanning became the most remunerative occupation, slowly replacing the traditional mixed farming of the past, and providing a changing future for the inhabitants of Cayton’.
Source: Richard Charles C, ‘A short history of Cayton’, Cayton Village Millennium Committee, 1999
It is possible that the above entries, in the Cayton by Scarborough parish register, bridge the gap between the wealth of the descendants of Thomas 'Auditor' Crompton and Thomas of Bridlington.
Between 1232 and 1894 the parishes of England were governed by Vestry - the village parliament equivalent to today's parish council - so called because they met, periodically, in the church Vestry, under the chairmanship of the priest. The Vestry, responsible for the majority of happenings within the marked parish boundary, comprised of:
All the members of the Vestry were nominated from the landed gentry. Failure to accept the nomination for this voluntary post resulted in a fine paid to the parish chest. Only the production of a Tyburn Ticket, a reward for bringing a felon to justice, could prevent this fine. Research has suggested that the same names rotated around the Vestry posts.
In modern times the Church Warden is responsible for church matters. However, within the Vestry the Church Warden could levy and apply his 'church rate' to the repairs of the church and to his secular responsibilities. These included:
It is now a possibility that Thomas Crumpton and Abraham Crumpton, the grandfather and father of Thomas Crompton of Bridlington, were of the landed gentry and that this is how Thomas of Bridlington amassed his wealth in order to buy property and land in Bridlington. If this is so then, though this wealth, there is a tentative link to the wealth of the Stuart and Restoration periods.
CAYTON BY SCARBOROUGH PARISH REGISTER
Entries are as recorded. A range of 20 to 30 years has been allowed from birth to marriage.
|Entry in the parish register for Lady Day 1702 and 1723||Entry in the parish register for Lady Day 1743 and 1762|
Thomas Crumpton Chappell warden
Abraham Crumpton Gentleman Chappell Warden
who either entered the information or audited the books. It is possible that the entry which followed were written in his hand, the hand of the other more literate chapel warden or the curate.
Prior to 1 January 1752 the Julian new year began on 25 March, which is Lady Day. The new legal year of 1752 began on 1 January. To align the calendar in use in England to that on the continent, the Gregorian calendar was adopted: and the calendar was advanced by 11 days: Wednesday 2 September 1752 was followed by Thursday 14 September 1752. The year 1752 was thus a short year (355 days) as well.The majority of the dates listed from the Cayton Parish Records are recorded in the Julian Calendar. To make all date the same for the months of January, February and March the Julian year has been adjusted to the Gregorian year. The dates, spellings and people quoted on the tree relate to those transcribed from the Cayton Parish Register.
1699 Oct 29 Rich son of Thomas Crumpton and Ellice his wife Bap.
|Above: A composite image (date) Richard Crumpton's baptism October 1699
Source: All photos Cayton Parish Record, Beverley Archives PE127/1
1701 Feb 16 Tho son of Thomas Crumpton and Ellies his wife Bap.
|Above: Thomas Crumpton's baptism February 1702|
1702 May 23 Wm son of Thomas Crumpton and Ellice his wife Bap.
|Above: William's baptism record with the day obscure. Note also Thomas Crumpton as Church Warden|
1704 May 2 Abraham son of Tho Crumpton Bapt. 1706 Sep 8 Roger son of Tho Crumpton Bapt. 1709 Feb 1 Mary dau of Tho. Crumpton Bapt. 1711 Nov 11 Ann dau of Thom Crumpton 1716 Aug 19 Ann dau Thomas Crumpton
|Above: Ann Crumpton's baptism 19 August 1716 Note the change of style as no mother is recorded.|
1733 Jun 25 Prisilay daughter of Abraham Crumpton 1735 Nov 18 Ellise daughter of Abraham Crumpton 1736 Dec 27 Mary daughter of Wm Crumpton 1738 Aug 20 William son of William Crumpton
|Above: A composite image of William Crumpton's baptism August 1738|
1738 Sep 21 Thomas son of Abraham Crumpton
|Above: A composite image of Thomas Crumpton's baptism September 1738|
1741 Mar 6 Mathew son of William Crumpton 1742 Mar 16 Anne Dau of Abraham and Isabell Crumpton 1744 Feb 27 Richard son of Abraham and Isabell Crumpton 1745 Mar 30 Ann J daughter of Will and Mary Crumpton 1748 Apr 14 Elizabeth Dr of Abraham & Esbel Crumpton 1748 Sep 19 Jonathan son of Will and Mary Crumpton 1768 Oct 30 Thomas Crumpton son of Thomas Crumpton & Jane
1698 Apr 11 Tho. Crumpton & Eliz Wobow? (Elice Walker) was married 1701/2/16 are impossible to read. 1732 Abraham Crumpton & Isabell Brown
In 1753 Marriages were then transferred to new book and official format.
1700 Apr 2 Richard Crumpton was buried 1701 Feb 6 Tho. Crumpton Buried [Possible day transcription error.] 1731 Feb 15 Thomas Richardson a youth 1736 Feb 15 Tho Crumpton Blacksmith (1735 Feb 23 Julian)
|Above: The burial of an unattached Thomas Crumpton blacksmith February 1736|
1738 Feb 15 Elizabeth Crumpton 1741 Oct 27 Thomas Crumpton son of Willm Crumpton 1745 Sep 29 Jane Daughter of William and Mary Crumpton 1745 Feb 23 Aleas Crumpton A widdow woman (1746 Feb 23 Julian)
|Above: (Aleas) Alice Crumpton's burial February 1746 (1745 Julian)|
1746 Jul 29 Richard Son of Abraham & Esabel Crumpton 1746 Dec 21 Tho. the Childe of Will & Mary Crumpton 1748 Apr 20 Elizebeth Dr of Abraham & Ebe Crumpton 1748 Oct 11 Jonathan A Childe of Will & Mary Crumpton 1769 Jan 09 Thomas son of Thomas & Jane Crumpton
Source: For Cayton by Scarborough Parish Records PE 127/1- East Riding Archives, Beverley, East Yorkshire
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|This page was created by Richard Crompton
and maintained by Chris Glass
Updated 16 July 2018