1817 Info 1b for Martha Crompton
The early Lowthers of Beverley
The Lowther family has a long association with Beckside, Beverley, but not always as coal merchants.
William Lowther son of Matthew b.09may1745 d. | m.09mar1791 | Ann Tanton b. d. |============|===========|======= William Michael Matthew | | | b......1765 b.....~1782 b. d.08oct1849 d.2dec1802 d. | m2.18nov1802 | Elizabeth Baker b. d.2ndQt1844 | | |============|============|============|=============|============|============|============|============|==========|| Ann Jane William John James B. Elizabeth Thomas Mary Ellen b.1804 c.28mar1805 b.08jan1807 b......1811 C.26apr1813 b. b. b. b. d.decqt1890 br19jun1827 d......1890 br.20oct1859 d.16dec1874 d.09dec1837 d. d. d. aged 83 | | br18dec1837 | | | m.24may1846 m.09nov1837 m.4thQt1838 m.13aug1829 m.03sept1827 | | | | | Ann Martha ? Matthew Barker Crompton Phitleton Haselhurst b......1818 c.01sep1817 d.11dec1859 d.11feb1861 | |============= James barker b......1855 d.3rdQt1856 *********
The 1802 Poll Register is the first available indicator of the Lowthers of Beckside,
Beverley as innkeepers. There is no inn recorded on the 6" maps of 1855. But
see the photograph of the Ship Inn in image 2 at the foot of the page.
William Lowther, having the right to vote 1 as shown by the Beverley Poll Books must have been a property holder, over the age of 21, with enough income to pay 40 shillings (£2) tax. Matthew LOWTHER was a school master.
Right: A composite image of William Lowther's 1802 entry Source: Ancestry UK Poll Book and Election Register 1538-1893
|The 1806 Canvass Book shows records a William Lowther as a registered voter,
though there is no associated address or occupation.
Right: A composite image of William Lowther's 1806 entry Source: Ancestry UK Poll Book and Election Register 1538-1893
1802-1807 Poll Books records: William Lowther inn holder Matthew Lowther school master 1836 Lowther voters John Lowther James Botterill Lowther William Lowther Thomas Lowther 1847 Poll Book records: William Lowther Coal Merchant Beckside James Botterill Lowther Coal Merchant Beckside Thomas Lowther Mariner Fleming Gate John Lowther Cooper Lair Gate
Miscellaneous Beverley Borough Records record:
Instruction for will of Richard Empson of Beverley Yeoman 01 November 1832. Drafts assignment for £225 in all: Parties:
Property: two messuages with yards and gardens on north side of Beckside in Beverley. 1
In the 1841 census, John Lowther was a cooper aged 30 was living with widowed father William. In the 1851 census he has a son Thomas aged 2
|Beverley & East Riding Recorder Saturday 10 December 1859|
|The ?inst at Beverley, aged 41, Ann (widow) of John Lowther guardsman, the ####
Riding House of Correction
It is evident, from this list that prior to being coal merchants, the LOWTHERs were mariners probably plying their way of the River Hull as bargemen working from beverley to Hull.
Three generations of coal merchants in Beckside, Beverley
The Lowther family has a long association with Beckside, Beverley, but not always as coal merchants. However the Hull Packet records:
|Hull Packet, Friday 12 October 1849|
|Birth, Deaths, Marriages and Obituaries
October 8 Mr. W. Lowther, lime and coal merchant, aged 84.
with this W. Lowther being born in 1765.
The Beverley trade directories suggest that there were three generations of coal merchants by the name of Lowther based at Beckside.
'It was in the industrial and working-class residential wards of Beckside and Flemingate that growth was most marked after 1800.' 2
'Many of the industrial premises, together with the gas works, were situated at Grovehill or near the beck and depended in varying degrees on water traffic. In a period when many inland waterways were losing money or being closed down the beck continued to flourish. The tonnage carried grew from some 31,000 tons in 1838 to nearly 40,000 tons in 1868, 56,000 tons in 1898, and 101,540 tons in 1905. The town's trade was increasing, but only slowly, particularly in the first half of the century.' 3
This location of the Lowther coal yard is probably due to the ability of the Beverley Canal to bring coal from the River Hull to Crane Hill Wharf on Beckside [HU17 0GG]. The canal runs for three quarters of a mile from Beverley to the River Hull. Although Beverley was served by the Hull and Selby Railway from October 1846, the canal remained independent, and therefore competitive for trade to Hull. The competition helped to keep railway tolls lower than they might otherwise have been, and traffic on the Beck continued to grow.
Pigot's Directory for Beverley of 1834 records that William LOWTHER of Beckside was a coal merchant.
Coal Merchant Lowther William, Beckside Source: White's Directory for Beverley of 1840
The Hull Packet and East Riding Times of 08 October 1849 reported the death of Mr William Lowther, lime and coal merchant at the age of 84.
|Above: 1903 map of Beverley locating Crane Hill Wharf in red. Beverley Minster is the black cross to the west.|
|Above: A detailed view of Beckside, Beverley 1850 map,
centred on Crane Hill, showing the two coal yards and other industry
Click on the map to open a scalable pdf map in a new window
|Above: A detailed view of Beckside, Beverley on a 1889 map,
centred on Crane Hill
Source: East Riding of Yorkshire, OS County Series CCXI NE Scale 1:2500
Hoverbox Photo Gallery - Crane Hill, Beckside, Beverley circa 1900
This feature does not function correctly on phones and tablets
1. Crane Hill wharf.
2. Beverley Beck
3. A Beverley barge on the beck
4. A possible photo of the Lowther's coal yard
1841 Census Sun/Mon 6/7 June 1841 Source: FHL Film TNA Ref HO107 Piece: 1229; Book: 14; Folio: ; Page: 15/17 Dwelling: Beckside Place: Beverley, St Nicholas,, Yorks ER, England Name Age Occupation Born in County James Lowther 25 Coal Merchant Yorkshire Martha Lowther 20 Yorkshire William Lowther 2 Yorkshire Elizabeth Allenby 15 Servant Yorkshire James Nutchley 17 Servant Yorkshire Note: Ages are usually rounded down to the nearest five years.
1841 Census Sun/Mon 6/7 June 1841 Source: FHL Film TNA Ref HO107 Piece: 1229; Book: 10; Folio: 6; Page: 7 Dwelling: Beckside Place: Beverley, Yorks ER, England Name Age Occupation Born in County William Lowther 70 Coal merchant Yorkshire Elizabeth Lowther 70 Yorkshire John Lowther 30 Cooper Yorkshire Note: Ages are usually rounded down to the nearest five years.
1851 Census Sun/Mon 30/31st March 1851 Source: FHL Film TNA Ref H1O7 Piece: 2359; Folio: 585; Page: 2; Sched: 7 Dwelling: Beckside Place: Beverley, York ER, England Name Rel Mar Age Occupation Birthplace James Botterill Lowther Head M 37 Coal merchant Yorks, Beverley Martha Lowther Wife M 34 Yorks, Nafferton William Lowther Son 12 Scholar Yorks, Beverley John Lowther Son 8 Scholar Yorks, Beverley Elizabeth Gessop Serv U 21 General House Servant Yorks, Leconfield
|Beverley and East Riding Recorder, Saturday
16 February 1861, page 5
February 11th instant, at Beverley, aged 43 years.
Martha, wife Mr. J. B. Lowther, corn and coal merchant.
Martha was buried in St John and St. Martin Cemetery, Beverly.
1861 Census Sun/Mon. 7/8th April 1861 Source: FHL Film TNA Ref RG09 Piece: 3570; Folio: 25; Page: 4; Sched: 26 Dwelling: Crane Hill Place: Beverley, York ER, England Name Rel Mar Age Occupation Birthplace James B Lowther Head Wid 47 Coal and general merchant Yorks, Beverley and Town Councillor employing 10 men John Lowther Son U 19 ?? Apprentice Yorks, Beverley Martha Pennington Serv U 16 General servant Lancs, Bolton Thomas Lowther Neph U 12 Scholar Yorks, Beverley
In the third quarter of 1863 James married Elizabeth FOSTER (GRO ref: Beverley 9d 148) who was born about 1822. The 1861 census describes Elizabeth as an unmarried lady who was a proprietor of house and land, born in Hull and living in Molescroft.
1871 Census Sun/Mon. 2/3rd April 1871 Source: FHL Film TNA Ref RG10 Piece: 4769; Folio: 135; Page: 4; Sched: 25 Dwelling: Beckside [four houses before Higham and Hull Road] Place: Beverley, York ER, England Name Rel Mar Age Occupation Birthplace James B Lowther Head M 57 Coal merchant employing 11 men Yorks, Beverley Elizabeth Lowther Wife M 50 Yorks, Hull Emma Appleton Serv U 22 General servant domestic Yorks, Beverley
James' property comprised of two messuages with yards and gardens on North side of Beckside in Beverley. 4, 5
The 1911 census shows, despite the coal miner's strike, there are still four coal merchants in Beckside: Robert Clark, Alfred Owen, Mary Hancock and William Welbourn.
It is know that JB Lowther was reported as a councillor in 1867 and John Lowther was an Alderman of Beverley until his retirement in 1895. However, the Lowthers reported in Beverley Council meetings, referred to in the Hull Packet and East Riding Times, can not be attributed to a particular member of the family.
Hull Packet - 11 April 1856
At the meeting of Beverley Town Council it was recorded that the Beck dues for the month amounted to £55 7s 1½d. The amount due to Mr Lowther of 12s 8d was allowed.
Hull Packet - 12 March 1858
Mr Lowther contributed to the debate concerning arrears in rent owed by a master of the Grammar School.
In an attempt to pave and flag areas of Beverley the Committee had found that numerous drains and cess pits required attention, particularly those in Beckside, Railway Street and Mr Ditman’s garden. Mr Lowther said ‘he would be glad to cure the whole town if the council had the money’. Whilst the drain and paving issues were deferred the cesspools were to be cleaned out.
Hull Packet - 18 February 1859
The Drainage Committee reported the need to repair the Market Place at a cost of £60. Councillor Hind’s objections were over ruled by the Mayor and Mr Lowther object to Mr Hind’s persistence.
Hull Packet - 17 April 1863
At the Town Council meeting Mr Lowther proposed ‘acts for draining, preserving and improving certain low grounds and carrs, in several parishes of St John’s Beverley and of Skidby.
Hull Packet - 17 July 1863
On the motion of Mr Lowther two [water] pumps were ordered to be bored – one in Henfields, and another near Albert-terrace. An additional pump was ordered to be bored in Wednesday-market.
Hull Packet - 18 December 1863
In an attempt to attract the farmers of Market Weighton from the York cattle market, a new cattle market was proposed for Beverley. Increase business was expected when the railway to Market Weighton was opened. The Council was urged to buy the two fields in Morton Lane from Mrs Hutton. The suitability of the location was debated along with the argument that, as Beverley was ‘the capital of the East Riding’ suitable agricultural facilities should be provided. Mr Lowther read a memorial in favour of retaining the market on its present site.
Hull Packet - 13 July 1866
Mr Lowther drew that Councils attention to the state of the Corn Exchange, whose roof and floor needed, in his opinion improvements as it was ‘one of the most disgraceful places in England’. Councillor Wreghitt felt that it wasn’t worth spending any more money on the place as its walls ‘more shaky than the Beck walls’. He advocated a new exchange.
Hull Packet - 8 October 1867
At a noisy and stormy meeting JB Lowther was elected to the committee responsibly for submitting the legal constitution of the Board. ‘The greatest uproar prevailed at the meeting, which lasted till near nine o’clock.
Hull Packet - 17 March 1871
Mr Lowther proposed the construction of a footpath, costing £80, from the north side of Keldgate from the end of Lairgate to the cemetery. An amendment forced by limited funds deferred the proposal on the Mayor’s casting vote.
Hull Packet - 12 June 1874
At the Beck Committee of Beverley Town Council, which met to discuss and to agree to Mr Lowther’s proposal that a road between Colour Mills and Mr Lowther’s property be used so that Mr Edward Fisher could build a bridge over Mill Scut. Mr Lowther was involved in an argument with Mr Whiteing.
Mr Lowther was concerned about the removal of mud to the depth of 4 feet, dredged from the Beck arguing that this couldn’t have happened had the committee not agreed to depositing the mud on Mr Thomas Hodgson’s ½ acre, which would normally have raised £10 in rent.
A third proposal was moved by Mr Lowther to give authority to the surveyor to a drill bore hole to supply the water cart. It was argued that Beverley, like Leeds and other large towns should no longer water the streets due to a scarcity of water.
Hull Packet - 1 November 1876
Mr Lowther failed to submit the lowest tender for coal to Beverley Union. At 19s 6d [a ton] he lost by 2d.
Hull Packet - 02 October 1885
Mr Councillor Lowther was vice-chair of the Free Gardeners’ sixteenth anniversary celebration at the Market Cross Tavern who provided an excellent tea. Excellent songs and recitations were given and a most enjoyable evening was passed.
Whilst the Minster end of Beckside would be recognised by the Lowthers, Crane Hill Wharf has been redeveloped as a brown field site of modern housing in the £275 000 price range,
|Hoverbox Photo Gallery - Crane Hill, Beckside, Beverley - Author: July 2018|
With thanks to Chris Glass for the early Lowther research.
|More information 1|
|Poll Books and voting rights
At the beginning of the 19th century the right to vote appears to have been the Knights of the Shire Act of 1432: that the right to vote belonged to the Forty Shilling Freeholders, over the age of 21, meaning that only owners of real properties who paid taxes to the Crown of at least 40 shillings (£2) per year. In 1780 this amounted to 3% of the population. It was said that an income of forty shillings a year made a man independent, being sufficient to furnish him with all the necessaries of life.
It was not until The Reform Act of 1832, also known as the Representation of the People Act that voting rights were extended to freeholder men above the age of 21. By 1832 forty shillings would just about support a labouring man for a month, but the number of people who had such an estate in England and Wales was then only about 247,000. The second Reform Act of 1867 enfranchised householders including the working class.
The history of voting rights in the United Kingdom (Accessed: 04 February 2022)
|This page was created by Richard Crompton
and maintained by Chris Glass
Updated 05 June 2023