1815 Info 7a for Richardson Crompton
Emily Hyde Crompton's life in New Zealand

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Her birth

Source: GRO Births
Crompton Emily Hyde     4th Quarter 1855  Bridlington  vol. 9d page 239 
Emily hyde's GRO birth entry - 79Kb gif

At the age of 15 Emily hyde was living at South Sea Farm, with her step-father, mother, two brothers and two step-sons.

1871 Census   Sun/Mon. 2/3rd April 1871
Source:       FHL Film PRO Ref RG10
              Piece: 4812; Folio: 103; Page: 23;
Dwelling:     South Sea Farm
Place:        Flamborough, York, England

Name                 Rel  Mar Age  Occupation                            Birthplace
Richard Huddlestone  Head  M   52   Farmer of 124 acres employing 3 men  Yorks, Killingwick                                     
Hannah Huddlestone   Wife  M   44   Farmer's wife                        Yorks, Skirlaugh
James Crompton       Son   S   16   Farmer's son                         Yorks, Flamborough
Emily Crompton       Dau   S   15   Farmer's daughter                    Yorks, Flamborough
John Huddlestone     Son        7   Farmer's son                         Yorks, Flamborough
George Huddlestone   Son        4   Farmer's son                         Yorks, Flamborough
William Hutchinson   Serv  S   64   Farm labourer                        Yorks, Flamborough
George Creaser       Serv  S   15   Farm servant                         Yorks, Boynton
Jane Smith           Serv  S        Domestic servant                     Yorks, Flamborough

Emigrating to New Zealand

Emily Hyde CROMPTON was a single woman passenger on the Westland, which departed London on 21 November 1879. On 21 February 1880, after a voyage of 88 days, the Westland arrived at Christchurch's port of Lyttelton, on South Island. It was the hottest time of the year. 'White Wing' gives the arrival date of Emily‘s ship as 23 February 1880.

None of the Shaw Savill and Albion Company‘s fleet of sailing vessels has a better record than the Westland, a full-rigged ship of 1116 tons, which for some years attracted world-wide attraction among ship-masters on the Pacific and Atlantic. Built by Duncan, she was one of the last ships ordered for the Shaw Savill Company. Westland made 25 voyages to New Zealand between 1879 and 1900 visiting all the major ports including Bluff. The ship‘s fastest journey was 73 days to Port Chalmers (Dunedin) and longest, again to Port Chalmers 120 days.

Source: Brett Sir Henry, 'White Wings'
Westland
Ship: 1116 tons
Captain: Wood
Surgeon Superintendent: Dr Russell
Image of Westland - Kb jpg
1815info7a, sheet 2
SINGLE WOMEN
    Name             Age  County   Occupation
    Crompton Emily   23   York     General Servant

In the 1871 census Emily CROMPTON had the status of 'farmer's daughter'. The passenger list shows she emigrated as as a general servant, aged 23 from York. She was one of a group of 32 or so young women going to New Zealand to work as servants. The girls, mostly from Ireland, were accompanied by a matron, Martha Cole aged 32. The general idea was to create upper class England, especially around Canterbury. For the upper classes to feel truly at home servants were imported via inexpensive assisted passages for immigrants provided by the New Zealand government under the Vogel Immigration Scheme - Sir Julius Vogel was prime minister from April 1873 to July 1875 and for a brief spell in 1876. The scheme made cheap passages available to all.

Most of the servants took one look at the opportunities, married, scratched together the money for land, and went from strength to strength. I hope Emily did the same!

Source of ship and passenger details: New Zealand emigration passenger list

Emily CROMPTON‘s wedding certificate (Folio 1883/562) records that:

Paul and Emily GLASSON had three children: William Richardson GLASSON, James Thomas GLASSON and Mary Jane GLASSON.

Source: GRO Births Marriages Deaths
Glasson Paul Roach   2nd Quarter 1855  Penzance  vol.5c page 332
Paul Roche Glasson's GRO birth - 23Kb gif
1815info7a, sheet 3

Paul's tragic death

The Temuka Leader
Saturday December 24 1887

FATAL GUN ACCIDENT - we regret to learn that Mr Paul Glasson met his death on Wednesday night at Hilton by a gun accident. The news to hand is rather meagre, but so far as we can learn he was on that evening out shooting, and was returning home when he met Mr Woodley, and stopped to talk to him. While speaking to Mr Woodley he leant on his gun, the stock of which was resting on the ground, and while in this position one of his children who came up was playing about his legs, with the result that the gun went off. The right side of his face was blown away, and though it was some hours before he died he never moved or spoke afterwards. An inquest was held yesterday, but the result has not reached us. Previous to taking up his residence at Hilton Mr Glasson lived for a long time in Temuka, and was highly respected as a hard-working, industrious man. He was a very active member of the Temuka Fire Brigade. He leaves a wife and three children to mourn his loss.

These details have been kindly supplied by Aaron Clark of North Canterbury, New Zealand. Paul Roach Glasson was his great-great grandfather's brother.

There are still Woodleys in the area. An Alistair Woodley has a large contracting and transport firm in Geraldine.

Thursday December 29 1887

INQUEST. An inquest was held at Hilton on Saturday last, before J.S.Beswick, Esq., coroner, on the body of Paul Roach Glasson, who was shot at Hilton on the 21st inst. The principal evidence taken was that of Mr Woodley, who was with the deceased at the time of the accident. He deposed that he and Glasson were talking together outside. The latter had been shooting, and his gun was in his hand at full cock. He was holding it by the muzzle and two of the deceased's children were playing with it near the breech. The children must have touched the trigger, as the gun suddenly went off, blowing away half the face of the unfortunate man, who died shortly afterwards. The jury returned a verdict of accidental death. The deceased, whose life was insured with the Government for 150 pounds, leaves a wife and three children.

1815info7a, sheet 4
Hilton is a small settlement in South Canterbury about 9 km Southwest of Geraldine, and about 20km north-west of Temuka. It is not know whether Hilton has a cemetery. If Paul GLASSON is buried in Temuka, he has no headstone, and his plot may never again be known.

It is interesting to note the close proximity of Richardson CROMPTON's children in New Zealand: Hinton, Geraldine, Orari and Winchester.

Right and below: Maps locating Temuka, Geraldine and Hinton
Map locating Temuka area - 44Kb gif

Map locating Hinton and Geraldine - 52Kb gif
1815info7a, sheet 5

Emily in later life

Emily took the children back to England. However a shipping entry for the "Rimutaka", in 1890, shows the mother and two children returned to New Zealand. James Thomas GLASSON was left in Lelant, Cornwall with his uncle.

Following pressure from the New Zealand Government, the New Zealand Steamship Company (NZSC) and Shaw Savill Line jointly chartered the Stad Haarlem for an experimental steam ship return trip to London in 1879. She ran with a full complement of 600 passengers in both directions, taking 57 days from London to Lyttelton via Cape Town. Despite the operational success, the voyage was not profitable, and no additional subsidies were on offer to run steamships. The Government continued to push for a steam service, which they thought would encourage a more "suitable class" of immigrants, plus it would provide a more reliable service for their frozen meat exports.  NZSC liner Rimutaka - 100Kb jpg
Above: NZSC liner Rimutaka circa 1900

Despite not liking steamships, the NZSC chartered the Fenstanton in 1883, to inaugurate the first steamship service from the UK to New Zealand. Fenstanton was followed by three larger ships. When the NZSC signed a charter with the Government to run a regularly monthly service, jointly with Shaw Savill, five new ships were ordered from J.Elder and Co. The ships were named after New Zealand mountains:- Tongariro, Aorangi, Ruapehu, Kaikoura and Rimutaka, all just under 4500 gross tons. All had clipper bows, and were barque-rigged. They travelled out via the Cape of Good Hope, and back via Cape Horn, as the sailing clippers had done, but more than halved the passage times. Whereas the sailing ships frequently sighted no land between the UK and New Zealand, the steamers stopped at Plymouth, Teneriffe, Capetown and Hobart on the outward journey, and at Montevideo, Rio de Janeiro and Teneriffe on the return. These routes were maintained until 1914, when the Panama Canal opened.

Emily subsequently married Tom Lewis and possibly lived in Akaroa.

She was a beneficiary in the will of her eldest brother Stephen Clubley CROMPTON who left "the residue of my estate (approximately UKP 150) to my sister Emily Hyde LEURS of East Eyreton." It is possible that the writer of the will heard the dying man pronounce the name of Emily's second husband, Tom LEWIS, as LEURS.

Ashburton Cemetery, Area 6, Row C, grave 1458
    Stephen Clubley CROMPTON d. at Chch [Christchurch]
    15 July 1924  a.[aged] 77
    Erected by his only sister and brother-in-law
    T. and E. H. LEWIS
1815info7a, sheet 6
Emily died on 12 October 1935 and was buried the same day in Waimairi Cemetery, Graham Road, Christchurch. The grave is without a headstone.

She was living in East Eyreton, which is located just outside Clarkville, near Canterbury.

Source: Christchurch City Council Cemeteries Database
Surname: Lewis
First name(s): Emily H
Date of death: Saturday, 12 October 1935
Cemetery: Waimairi Cemetery
Date of burial: Saturday, 12 October 1935
Block number: AN10 (Anglican)
Plot number: 38
Age:  
Address: East Eyreton
Occupation: Unknown
Place of birth: Unknown
Years in New Zealand:  
Comments:

NEW ZEALAND.-THE BIRTHS AND DEATHS REGISTRATION ACT, 1924
DEATHS IN THE DISTRICT OF CHRISTCHURCH DURING THE QUARTER ENDING 31st of DECEMBER. 19 35
No DESCRIPTION OF DECEASED CAUSE OF DEATH PARENTS IF BURIAL REGISTERED WHERE BORN IF DECEASED WAS MARRIED INFORMANT REGISTRAR
1.When died 2.Where died 1.Name and surname
2.Occupation
1.Sex
2.Age
1.Cause
2.Duration
3.Doctor
4.When last seen
1.Name of Father
2.Name of Mother
3.Maiden name of Mother
4.Profession of Father
1.When buried
2.Where buried
1.Name of Minister
2.Religion of Minister
1.Where born
2.How long in New Zealand
1.Where married
2.Age married
3.To whom married
4.Age of widow
If issue living state Age and Sex 1.Signature
2.Description
3.Residence
4.
1.Signature of Registrar
2.Date of Registration
11?5 1.1935
October 11
2.Public
Hospital
Christ
church
from
East
Eyreton
1.Emily
Hyde
Lewis



2.Married
F

80
1.Myocardial
segmentation
2.Senility
3.RA Wilson
4.October
10 1935
1.Thomas
Crompton

2.Hannah
Crompton

3.Pickering

4.Farmer
1.October
12 1935

2.Waimairi
1.E.A.
Osmers
2.Anglican
1.Yorkshire
England




2. 55
1.Temuka
2.25
3.Paul Rudge Glasson
(2)
Christchurch
36
Thomas Edward Lewis
(1)
M.52
F.48
(2)
M.37
F-
1.G. Banell
2.Undertaker
3.Christ-
church
1.Registrar
2.1935
October
14

Certificate: with thanks to Allen Glasson

Thomas LEWIS continued to live in East Eyrton until his death on 12 December 1942. He was buried in the same plot as Emily.


1815info7a, sheet 7

Emily's children

William Richardson GLASSON first child of Emily and Paul continued the Richardson name.

William Richardson GLASSON had six children who are living or lived in or around Ashburton, New Zealand. Although the photograph shows William Richardson GLASSON in uniform he did not go away to the war, possibly for medical reasons.

He died on 23 July 1938 at the age of 53 and is buried, along with his wife, Emily May in the beautiful and very large cemetery in Ashburton, Canterbury, New Zealand.

William Richardson Glasson - Kb jpg The headstone of Wm Glasson - Kb jpg

Their son, William Thomas CROMPTON, continued the military tradition. His headstone shows that he was a proud member of J Force, part of the 2nd New Zealand Expeditionary Force, but hides the horrors he must have witnessed.

J Force or 2NZEF (Japan) was formed in Florence, Italy, on 19th November 1945. The force of Army personnel included men from the 13th, 14th and 15th Reinforcements. Officers were drawn from those who had seen service in the Italian Campaign. Several of the Force were volunteers from earlier Reinforcements. Brig KL Stewart was the first commander of J Force.

Occupation duties were conducted largely in the prefecture of Hiroshima. The Force was responsible for the demilitarisation and disposal of Japanese installations and armaments and for keeping order until civilian government could be re-established.

J Force was withdrawn from duty in September 1948.
Photograph of WT Glasson in army uniform - Kb jpg
Above: WT Glasson's headstone in Ashburton Cemetery

James Thomas GLASSON second child of Emily and Paul

James Thomas GLASSON has his own information page at 1815info7b.


1815info7a, sheet 8

Mary Jane GLASSON fourth child of Emily and Paul

Mary Jane's daughter, Bev McCONNELL lived in Waikanae, New Zealand.


Postscript

The Glasson name is well known in New Zealand, not least because of a chain of dress shops. Its Christchurch head office is headed by Tim Glasson. The obituary of Charles Vingue GLASSON, ChCh Press 1953 in the New Zealand Biography file reads:

Mr Charles Vingue Glasson who died at his home Park Terrace on Thursday was well known in the draper business throughout New Zealand. He was born 69(?) years ago. For the last 30 years he had been a director of Glassons Ltd, a Christchurch and Nelson warehouse firm. Mr Glasson was born in Timaru. He started work with Strange & Co... In the early 1900s he went to London and spent three years working with D & H Evans. After World War 1 he joined his brother Mr J H Glasson in the firm of Glassons Ltd. Survived by his wife, a son Jack Glasson and a daughter Mrs C.E. Taylor of Lower Hutt.

The obituary records more information about his Masonic Lodge connections which were extensive.


With thanks to Allen GLASSON, whose great grandfather's brother was Paul Roach GLASSON, Emily Hyde CROMPTON's husband; to Aaron CLARKE, of Rangiora, North Canterbury, whose great-great grandfather's brother was Paul Roach GLASSON, and to Judy BRADWELL in Wellington for the certificates.


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This page was created by Richard Crompton
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Version C12
Updated 05 May 2015