1808 Info 3 for William Crompton
Martha was born in the third quarter of 1848 (GRO ref: Beverley 23 14). Newbald was in the Beverley District.
1851 Census Sun/Mon 30/31st March 1851 Source: FHL Film TNA Ref H1O7 Piece: 2359; Folio: 26; Page: 14; Sched: 48 Dwelling: Bullens Hill Place: North Newbald, York ER, England Name Rel Mar Age Occupation Birthplace William Crompton Head M 42 Farmer of 104 acres Yorks, Bridlington Sarah Crompton Wife M 36 Farmers wife Yorks, N. Newbald William Crompton Son 5 Farmers son Yorks, N. Newbald Martha Crompton Dau 2 Farmers daur Yorks, N. Newbald James Wilson Serv U 23 Farms servant Yorks, Leckonfield [sic] John Collinson Serv U 17 Farms servant Yorks, Leckonfield [sic] Hannah Girdon Serv U 20 Farms servant Yorks, Bewholme
William and Sarah's daughters, Sarah and Martha, were recorded with their elderly grandparents: the Hornsey's.
1861 Census Sun/Mon. 7/8th April 1861 Source: FHL Film TNA Ref RG09 Piece: 3567; Folio: 65; Page: 4; Sched: 21 Dwelling: Place: South Newbald, York, England Name Rel Mar Age Occupation Birthplace Richard Hornsey Head M 90 Retired Farmer Yorks, North Newbald Sarah Hornsey Wife M 84 Yorks, North Newbald Samuel Hornsey Son U 51 Yorks, North Newbald Sarah Crompton Gdau U 19 House keeper Yorks, North Newbald Martha Crompton Gdau U 13 Scholar Yorks, North Newbald
Note Sarah and Martha are indexed as the dialect pronunciation Crumpton on Ancestry
By 1871 William and his family had returned to Nafferton. William had become an agricultural labourer and Martha an infant school teacher who had been a pupil teacher and was limited by transport.
1871 Census Sun/Mon. 2/3rd April 1871 Source: FHL Film TNA Ref RG10 Piece: 4807; Folio: 92; Page: 20; Sched: 110 Dwelling: Middle Street Place: Nafferton, York, England Name Rel Mar Age Occupation Birthplace William Crompton Head M 63 Ag Lab Yorks, Bridlington Sarah Crompton Wife M 59 Yorks, Newbald William Crompton Son U 24 None, Disability LAME Yorks, Newbald Martha Crompton Dau U 22 Infant school Mistress Yorks, Newbald Mary E Crompton Dau U 19 Yorks, Newbald
|Source: Kelly's Post Office Directory, Yorkshire, North & East Riding, 1872 - Nafferton Schools|
By the time of the 1881 census Martha is a governess giving private tuition, perhaps to her nieces.
1881 Census Sun/Mon 2/3rd April 1881 Source: FHL Film TNA Ref RG11 Piece: 4817; Folio: 34; Page: 10; Sched: 4 Dwelling: Thornton Hill Place: Thornton on the Hill, York ER, England Name Rel Mar Age Occupation Birthplace John Barley Head M 34 Farmer of 194 acres emp 1 labourer Yorks, Coxwold Sarah A. Barley Wife M 37 Yorks, Newbald John N. Barley Son 7 Scholar Yorks, Coxwold Sarah A. Barley Dau 6 Scholar Yorks, Coxwold Rose A. Barley Dau 5 Yorks, Coxwold Elizah S. Barley Dau 3 Yorks, Coxwold George H. Barley Son 1 Yorks, Coxwold Martha Crumpton S-in-L U 29 Governfs Private Yorks, Newbald Mary Ingle Serv U 20 General servant Yorks, Easingwold Thomas Bowes Serv U 19 Farm servant indoors Yorks, Husthwaite Andrew Paxton Serv U 19 Farm servant Bucks, Finmere
There is a discrepancy of up to four years in Martha's census age, though she is indeed John Barley's sister-in-law..
By the next census Martha was a 50 year old house keeper in York, however, there is a discrepancy of six/seven years in Martha's age
1891 Census Sun/Mon 5/6th April 1891 Source: FHL Film TNA Ref RG12 Piece: 3887; Folio: 14; Page: 22; Sched: 117 Dwelling: 12 Tanner Row [YO1 6JE] Place: Castle Gate, York, Yorkshire, England Name Rel Mar Age Occupation Birthplace Daniel MacIntosh Head Wid 59 Provisions Dealer Yorks, Kipax Robert Howell MacIntosh Son S 21 Assistant Yorks, York Arthur Daniel MacIntosh Son S 14 Scholar Yorks, York Martha Crompton Serv S 50 House Keeper Yorks, North Newbald.
At this moment Martha cannot be found in the 1901 Ancestry/Find My Past census under Crompton/Crumpton/Crampton
1911 Census: Sun/Mon 2nd April/3rd April 1911 Source: TNA Ref: RG14 PN29053 Reg. Gen. Ref: RG78 PN ; En.Dist: 14; Sched: 15 RegDist: Thirsk SubDist: Bridlington Dwelling: Wighall Farm Place: South Otterington, Yorkshire North Riding Rooms in dwelling, other than scullery, landing, lobby, closet, bathroom: 10 Years married: Children: Alive none, dead none Name Rel Mar Age Occupation Status Birthplace George H Barley Head S 30 Farmer Employer Yorks, Coxwold Martha Crompton Aunt S 60 Housekeeper Worker Yorks, Newbald Jack Kerley S 18 Servant Worker Yorks, Kirkby Sigston May Kent S 14 Domestic servant Yorks, Yafforth
There is again a three year age difference between the census age and birth year. However, George Barley was indeed Martha's nephew.
Martha Crompton died in the fourth quarter of 1921 (GRO ref: Easingwold 9d 488) aged 72.
Martha's daughter, Gertrude CROMPTON
Gertrude was Martha's illegitimate daughter, born to a 37 year old spinster school mistress. There is no obvious Bastardy Order to indicate her father.
|REGISTRATION DISTRICT BRIDLINGTON|
|1885 Birth in Sub-district of Bridlington in the County of York|
Present at Birth
Gertrude was 'adopted' by the Chaplins and lived at their Rose Cottage home, along Easton Road, to the west of Bridlington. However, Gertrude may have been formally adopted as she took the Chaplin name at her wedding. Whilst, in 1891, Martha was a housekeeper in York she cannot, as yet, be traced in the 1901 census. It would seem that Gertie was an abandoned apprenticed dressmaker.
1891 Census Sun/Mon 5/6th April 1891 Source: FHL Film PRO Ref RG12 Piece: 3959; Folio: 28; Page: 4; Sched: 24 Dwelling: 4 Rose Cottage [Easton Road] Place: Bridlington, York, England Name Rel Mar Age Occupation Status Birthplace Richard Chaplin Head M 41 Labourer Agri Worker Yorks, Driffield Mary Chaplin Wife M 39 Yorks, Newbald Joseph R Chaplin Son S 13 Yorks, Nafferton Sarah M Chaplin Dau 11 Scholar Yorks, Carnaby Laura K Chaplin Dau 8 Scholar Yorks, Carnaby Gertrude Crompton Niece 6 Scholar Yorks, Carnaby
|By 1901 the family had gone their own way. Richard and Mary lived in a cottage, which
is located at the western end of Easton Road, before the garden centre.
Right: Rose Cottage, Easton Road, Bridlington, 18 September 2012
Source: Diane Witt
|Above: An 1894 map showing locating Rose Cottage, along Easton Road, Bridlington|
1901 Census Sun/Mon 31st March/1st April 1901 Source: FHL Film TNA Ref RG13 Piece: 4524; Folio: 12; Page: 15; Sched: 103 Dwelling: 78 High Street Place: Bridlington, Yorks ER, England Name Rel Mar Age Occupation Status Birthplace Stephen H Nixon Head M 46 Working watchmaker Own acct Yorks, North Burton Sarah J Nixon Wife M 36 Dressmaker Employer Yorks, Cotherstone Lily Nixon Dau 10 Yorks, Bridlington William Nixon Father Wid 72 Retired miller Leic, Leicester Edith Nixon Dau S 15 Dressmaker Worker Yorks, Hunmanby Francis Johnson Board S 19 Dressmaker Worker Yorks, Bridlington Gertrude Chaplin Board S 16 Dressmaker Worker Yorks, Carnaby Betsey Staveley Serv S 25 Cook (Domestic) Worker Yorks, North Burton
The current owners of 78 High Street, Bridlington (2019) where Gertrude was apprenticed to Sarah Nixon as a dressmaker writes:
I have been sifting through three hundred years of muck, fluff and other detritus that has been stashed beneath or fallen through the floorboards and I have found some extraordinary and fascinating small items. One area which was a particularly rich seam is on the second floor towards the front of the house which yielded quantities of spools of sewing thread, packets of hooks & eyes along with about five pounds of dressmakers pins which rather made us suspect that more than just domestic needlework was being carried out on the premises and to learn (from your pages) that Sarah Nixon, her older daughter and the apprenticed girls were living and working there and thanks to yourself we have the face and story of Gertrude.
We believe that Gertrude’s presence there and that of the other seamstresses must have had some effect on my wife, long before finding the information on your web site, has been beautifully crafting on one of her hand-cranked Singer sewing machines many of her own outfits from patterns dating to the turn of the 20th century so now we know who to thank as she cuts a fashionable swathe through whichever part of the UK or Europe she happens to be.
|In 1901, aged 16, Gertie was apprenticed to Sarah Nixon, of 78 High
Street, as a dressmaker. This was conveniently down the road from Easton Road. Rose
Cottage is a kilometre from 78 High Street.
Left: Stephen Henry NIXON's 1 watchmaker's shop at 78 High Street, Bridlington, 2018
Source: With thanks to the present owner of 78 High Street, Bridlington. The open window may show the woodwork of the Singer sewing machine.
The owner of number 78 continues his story:
A couple of other items found which would have lain unseen by the occupants; one being a beautiful 18th century tortoise shell and silver toothpick case with its mirror and silk lining perfectly intact which fell through the floorboards directly beneath the window of the same room probably a hundred plus years before Gertude’s tenure and a book of mathematical formulae published in 1753 belonging to a chap named ‘James Standen’ who, as far as I can find was involved in finance as well as having been employed during the implementation of the Enclosure Act and he valued large parts of Lincolnshire. This was found deliberately concealed (I cannot think of any other fashion by which it could have found its way into the tiny void in which it was found) just the other side if the wall within three feet of where the the seamstresses worked their magic. Maybe he owned the toothpick case too?
|Right: The tooth pick box and James Hardy's accounting book, publish in 1753, which has the first mention of life insurance. It is described as: 'A complete system of interest and annuities: founded upon new, easy and rational principles: containing, the whole business of interest, and annuities ... a great variety of questions, relating to fines, mortgages, renewals ... to which is prefixed, as an introduction, I. the doctrine and application of decimals ... II. the extraction of the square root, III. the method of computing, the amount and present worth of money.|
|Source: The owner of number 78, with thanks|
|Above: 1912 map locating, in red, 78 High Street Bridlington|
In the first quarter of 1909 Gertrude CHAPLIN married Thomas Willie HOLDEN of Leeds (GRO ref: Bridlington 9d 478), who was born in the fourth quarter of 1882 (GRO ref: Leeds 9b 477).
|1909 Marriage solemnized at the Parish Church in the Parish of Bridlington in the County of York|
|No.||When married||Name and Surname||Age||Condition||Rank or
|Richard Holden (Deceased)||Grocer|
|Married in the
according to the
Rites and Ceremonies of the
Edgar Wall Curate
This marriage Thomas Willie Holden in thePresence Richard Chaplin X his mark
between us Gertrude Chaplin of us Laura Kate Chaplin
It is suggested that Willie ran a successful tobacconist's business because, according to the 1911 census they lived in a substantial home.
1911 Census: Sun/Mon 2nd April/3rd April 1911 Source: TNA Ref: RG14 PN28895 Reg. Gen. Ref: RG78 PN1663; En.Dist: 6; Sched: 57 RegDist: Bridlington SubDist: Bridlington Dwelling: 14 Blackburn Avenue [YO15 2ES] Place: Bridlington, Yorkshire East Riding Rooms in dwelling, other than scullery, landing, lobby, closet, bathroom: 7 Years married: 2 Children: Alive none, dead none Name Rel Mar Age Occupation Status Birthplace Thomas Willie Holden Head M 28 Tobacconist Dealer Employer Yorks, Leeds Gertrude Holden Wife M 26 Yorks, Carnaby
|In 1911 the couple were living at 14 Blackburn Avenue, Bridlington. Their home,
having seven rooms in additional to the standard 1911 census rooms, appears to be that of
an affluent middle class family.
Left: 14 Blackburn Avenue, Bridlington 2009
|Willie HOLDEN's tobacconist shop was 39 (The) Promenade, Bridlington, now
rebuilt as Promenades Shopping
Right: A 1947 map locating 39 The Promenade Bridlington 1947, marked red
|Hoverbox Photo Gallery - Gertrude Holden née Chaplin - Source: Diane Witt
This feature does not function correctly on phones and tablets
1. Gertie, Emily, Laura Kate and Mary Elizabeth seated
2. Gertie, with fur collar, with Willie standing behind plus other friends at pre-war Scarborough. Perhaps Willie's
brother Norman and wife Edith.
3. Gertie (left) with friend Bridlington 1924
1. To her sister Sarah/Sally 02 September 1903
2. To her auntie Emily 30 June 1905
|3. To the mysterious Mrs Poole 28 August 1923|
In a bombing raid on Bridlington, on 18 June 1941, timed at 00.12, two parachute mines
were dropped. The second mine landed in Lamplugh Square at the corner of Eighth Avenue
completely demolishing about thirteen houses. Twenty people were trapped under the
wreckage, of whom seven were fatal casualties including Gertrude Holden.
Right: Lamplugh Road bomb damage
|Gertrude HOLDEN died (GRO ref: Buckrose 9d 106) aged 56 years during the
bombing of 18 June 1941 at Oak Lodge, 6 Lamplugh Road. Bridlington. Two
2 were dropped at 12 minutes past midnight. Bomb one destroyed St
Anne’s Convalescent Hospital and bomb two fell on Lamplugh Road on the corner with Eighth
Avenue. Bomb two destroyed 13 houses and caused major damage to all utility supplies
making rescues difficult. Twenty people were caught in the bombing with seven fatalities
including Gertie. The bombing was reported from Wardens Post C3 by Warden K.T O’Brian.
Gertie is buried in plot V136 of Bridlington Cemetery. Source: The Bayle Museum,
Bridlington Ref: CR RF with thanks to Marie
This places Gertie very close to the point of detonation.
The 1939 Register records another Holden family living at 18 Lamplugh Road who were Norman E Holden, a retired cashier (amusement arcades?) and Edith A Holden involved in unpaid domestic duties. The third person, whose details are redacted, was Gwendoline (May) Porter (Monkman) born 12 April 1917, who was a domestic servant.
Mr Thomas Hopper Alderson, mentioned in the article, was the detachment leader for Air Raid Precautions (ARP) Bridlington and the first person to be directly awarded the George Cross on 30 September 1940 by King George VI for earlier rescues in Bridlington.
Left: A report of the bombing in the Yorkshire Post of 19 June 1941
|Above: Gertie Holden in The 1939 Register|
|Above: A 1947 map on which the 1941 bombing of Bridlington has been marked. Marked in red is the centre of the explosion and houses destroyed or condemned in Walter Robinson's description. Gertie lived in number six. It is assumed that even numbers were together and numbered towards the unbuilt houses. [Note: there has been a change of road names since the publication of the 1947 map - First Avenue now meets Eighth Avenue|
Miss HP Simpson, secretary to the Bridlington Mayor during the war years, was charged with keeping a diary of the bombing raids on Bridlington. For the Lamplugh Road bombs she recorded:
Rear of St Anne's Home and corner of Lamplugh Road and Eighth Avenue
TYPE OF BOMB: Parachute Mines
NUMBER OF BOMBS: 2
DATE: 18th June 1941
REPORTED BY: K.T. O'Brian Post C.4 and Post Warden C.3
First mine dropped on Chapel near rear of St Anne's Home. Completely demolished the building and rendering St. Anne's Home uninhabitable owing to the serious damage. Very extensive damage to surrounding property. 3 or 4 houses completely demolished and quite a number of others damaged beyond repair. The second mine dropped in the middle of Lamplugh Road at the corner of Eighth Ave. About 13 houses completely demolished and many others damaged beyond repair. This mine dropped right in the middle of Lamplugh Road causing fractures to gas and water mains, and electricity cables. Gas from the main ignited. North East side of Flamborough Road Garage practically demolished and all surrounding property extensively damaged. Approximately 20 people were trapped under wreckage, 13 of whom were extracted suffering from various injuries, the other 7 proved to be fatal casualties. (Mr. Woodcock, Mr. Foster, Mrs. Holden, Mrs. Newton, Mrs. Chatterton, Miss Anderson, and a youth of 16 years - Mr Allen.)
Mutual Assistance Scheme. 3 Rescue Parties were asked for from Hull, 1 Rescue party from Filey and 1 Rescue Partyfrom Driffield. 2 First Aid Parties were asked for from Driffield. All Services arrivedexpeditiously and carried out excellent work.
Housing of Homeless Persons Approximately 125 people were housed and fed at the A.R.P. Headquarters for 12 hours. 93 of them were imbeciles and aged people removed from St. Anne's Home, and the remainder were people who had been rendered homeless in the town.
Casualties. There were 7 fatal casualties. 5 Hospital Cases. 25 First Aid Post cases. 60-70 other minor casualties.
Local Services. All local services turned out in full force, and also the Railway Company's Ambulance, the Mobile Unit, Isolation Hospital Ambulances, 4 cars for sitting cases loaned by the Fire Chief. Excellent co-operation between R.A.F. Military and A.R.P. Services. Very valuable work was carried out by both Military and R.A.F.
Source: Bayle Museum, Bridlington Ref: CR RF and Langton, Bernard R., 'Bridlington War Diaries 1939-1942', 2015
|Left: A composite image of the Lamplugh Road fatalities record in house
numerical order Source: UK WWII Civilian Deaths 1939-1945, Commonwealth War Graves
Civilian deaths are present by municipality and in alphabetical order. This extract from Bridlington has been cut and reordered in house numerical order in an attempt to locate number 6 Lamplugh Road, identified as Oak Lodge. The house name Gambia has been segregated because it has no known house number. 'Gambia' is number 11 Lamplugh Road.
With First Avenue being extended towards Eighth Avenue and more houses being built on the old pre-bombing footprint, it is, at this moment, impossible to identify the actual location of Oak Lodge.
On 2 July 1941 Mr Rollinson of Eighth Avenue wrote to his son describing the damage wrought. (Mr Rollinson moved into Eighth Avenue after the 1939 Register.)
|Now for the details of what happened shortly after
midnight June 17/18.
Two land mines were dropped, one in Lamplugh Rd. close to 8th Avenue, one in St Anne's Road.
From this house on both sides of the road to far down beyond Trinity C[ur]ch nearly every window was blown in. The house in Lamplugh road at the corner & both sides of the road to 1st Avenue were completely destroyed, all the houses in Lamplugh Lane are wrecked, and are condemned. In this avenue Steel's [Frank Steel an almond and ? commercial traveller whose house is not numbered in the 1939 Register] and next door had their doors and windows blown in and ceilings down. Beyond these at the bottom of the avenue 7 houses so wrecked they are condemned and will have to be rebuilt. The chemist shop is also utterly wrecked. The Garage was very badly damaged and all the property from there to Lamplugh Road is condemned, the backs are in ruins. The blast was so terrible that houses were damaged in ---ty foot and the roads behind it. I know one man living in St Alban's rd. (sic) whose doors & windows were blown in & ceilings down, and next door to him one woman was killed and her husband lost an arm.[...]
As one goes into town it is heart breaking to see bottom (sic) of this Avenue, and look across what was Lamplugh Avenue with its good residences, both it and St Anne's are roped off, and debris is being removed all day long. [...]
All this destruction wrought by 2 land mines; the wide spread range of the blast is amazing. I am told the Air people say these mines are more destructive of property than lives. Had H[igh]E[xplosive] bombs been dropped loss of life would have been far heavier. Eight people were killed and I have not heard many seriously injured.
Source: Langton, Bernard R., 'Bridlington War Diaries 1939-1942', 2015
|From the blast of the two parachute mines there were seven
fatalities, five hospital cases, 25 First Aid cases and 60 to 70 other
Left: Lamplugh Road bomb damage
|Left: Gertie Chaplin's 1942 probate
Source: England and Wales, National Probate Calendar 1942 (Ancestry)
The sum of £3985.26 is equivalent to £179,179 in 2016. (Source: Historical UK inflation rates and calculator (Accessed: 04 September 2016)) and was divided between the Smith brothers of Manor Farm and Manor House Farm Fraisthorpe, her first cousins once removed.
Lamplugh Road was built between 1912 and 1929 filling in the gap between the Hull and Scarborough railway and the sea. A desirable property, Gertie would have had a short walk to the sea front. A four bed-roomed post war house, in this area, was sold for £160,000 in August 2016.
There are no obvious children by this marriage. Gertie (GRO ref: Buckrose 9d 106) was predeceased by Thomas, who died in the third quarter of 1937 (GRO ref: Buckrose 9d 86) aged 54.
|A brass tray that belonged to Gertie Chaplin. It was retrieved from her bombed home in Bridlington. It was given to Edgar William Burton, perhaps by Auntie Sarah Maria Chaplin who was close to Gertie and lived in St John’s Avenue in Bridlington. Cleaned and polished by Diane Witt|
|More information 1|
|Stephen NIXON - watchmaker
Stephen Henry NIXON was born in the first quarter of 1854 (GRO ref: Bridlington 9d 235). He married Sarah Jane ALDERSON in the second quarter of 1899 (GRO ref: Durham 10a 379) presumably in Cotherston[e]. Stephen NIXON died aged 64 in the fourth quarter of 1918 (GRO ref: Bridlington 9d 849) Sarah Jane died, aged 90, in the Buckrose registration district, which includes Bridlington, in the first quarter of 1952 (GRO ref: Buckrose 2a 11). It is interesting to note that Sarah Jane NIXON held a responsible post in Bridlington.
The British Museum records SH NIXON as a late 19th century clock and watchmaker. In the 1892 Bulmer's Directory of Bridlington professions and trades Stephen Henry NIXON was recorded at 12 High Street, Bridlington. This is a shop on the corner of High Street and Scarborough Road.
1911 Census: Sun/Mon 2nd April/3rd April 1911 Source: TNA Ref: RG14 PN 28891 Reg. Gen. Ref: RG78 PN; En.Dist: 2; Sched: 198 RegDist: 526 SubDist: Bridlington Dwelling: 53 High Street Place: Bridlington, Yorkshire East Riding Rooms in dwelling, other than scullery, landing, lobby, closet, bathroom: 8 Years married: 21 Children: Alive 1, dead 2 Name Rel Mar Age Occupation Status Birthplace Stephen Henry Nixon Head M 57 Watchmaker & jeweller Own acnt Yorks, North Burton Sarah Jane Nixon Wife M 49 Sub-postmistress High St Yorks, Cotherston[e] Martha Behrendt Board S 31 Dispenser Worker Lincs, Burringham
It is interesting to note that 51-53 High Street is now a two and a half storey, four bedroomed terraced Georgian building, which sold for £435,000 in June 2007. Was this his residence, whilst he worked at the end of the road?
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