1805 Info 1e for John Crompton
The children of John and Ann - Mary

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Mary CROMPTON - John and Ann's fifth child

The census returns hints at an intriguing married life; from prosperous farming births to terraced housing and a trade. Mary gave birth to eleven children but only two boys, of the three living children (1911 census) have been discovered.

Mary was born second quarter of 1844 (GRO ref: Driffield 23  45) On 12 December 1866 she married (GRO ref: Bridlington 9d 597) Craven NICHOLSON, who was born in the second quarter of 1843 (GRO ref: Driffield 23  31). The Malton Messenger of 15 December 1866 announced:

On the 12th inst., at Burton Agnes, East Riding, by the Rev. Joseph HORDEN, rural dean, Craven, 
eldest son of Mr T. NICHOLSON, of Watton Grange, to Mary, second daughter of Mr CROMPTON, 
Thornholme, near Bridlington.
WATTON in Post Office Directory of 1857
Thomas Nicholson farmer Watton Grange
Below and right: Maps locating Watton Grange, the home of Craven NICHOLSON. It is interesting to note the distance between Watton and Thornholme. But many Cromptons lived in the area of the map below. Watton Grange map 34Kb-gif
Map locating Watton Grange 29Kb-gif
1871 Census Sun/Mon. 2/3rd April 1871
Source:      FHL Film  TNA Ref RG10
             Piece 4809 Folio 41 Page 1 Sched 1  
Dwelling:    Front Street
Place:       Weaverthorpe, York ER, England

Name                Rel  Mar Age  Occupation                      Birthplace
Craven Nicholson    Head  M  27   Farmer of 308 ac. of land       Yorks, Watton Grange 
                                  employing 3 labourers & 4 boys 
Mary Nicholson      Wife  M  26                                   Yorks, Houndales, Nafferton
Ann Jenison        Nurse  W  57   Nurse                           Yorks, Harpham
George Ford         Serv  U  22   Farm servant                    Yorks, Tickton
James Blake         Serv  U  21   Farm servant                    Norfolk, Terrington
William Holiday     Serv  U  18   Farm servant                    Yorks, Garton
James Noddle        Serv  U  16   Farm servant                    Yorks, Burton Agnes 
Charlotte Fendwick  Serv  U  19   General servant                 Yorks, Brandsburton
1805info1e, sheet 2

By 1881 family fortunes appeared to have changed. Craven, and his son Harold, were now recorded as an 'unoccupied farmer' living with his parents. Mary, however, was in Great Driffield, with Charles, living at the home of her aunt Mary JEFFERSON. The couples second son Edgar was with Mary's sister Alice LOVEL at Lowground Scampston.

1881 Census  Sun/Mon 2/3rd April 1881
Source:      FHL Film  TNA Ref RG11 
             Piece 4795 Folio 6 Page 5 Sched 16
Dwelling:    Watton Grange [Driffield, North Humberside YO25 9AP]
Place:       Watton, York ER, England

Name                Rel Mar Age Occupation                   Birthplace
Thomas Nicholson   Head  M  57  Farmer 505 ac. 7 men 7 boys  Yorks, Watton
Eliza Nicholson    Wife  M  59                               Yorks, Cranswick
Craven Nicholson    Son  M  37  Farmer (unoccupied)          Yorks, Watton
William Nicholson   Son  U  35  Farmer's son                 Yorks, Watton  
Harriet Nicholson   Dau  U  25  Farmer's daughter            Yorks, Watton 
Harold Nicholson    Son  U  21  Farmer's son                 Yorks, Watton 
Kate Nicholson      Dau  U  19  Farmer's daughter            Yorks, Watton 
Eddie Nicholson     Dau  U  17  Banker's clerk               Yorks, Watton 
Herbert Nicholson  GSon      5                               Yorks, Weaverthorpe
Annie Coatham      Serv  U  19  Domestic servant             Yorks, North Dalton
William Claxton    Serv  M  22  Farm servant indoors         Yorks, Grindall
Robert Caygall     Serv  U  30  Farm servant indoors         Yorks, Skidby 
William Taylor     Serv  U  20  Farm servant indoors         Yorks, North Frodingham 
John Slater        Serv  U  16  Farm servant indoors         Yorks, Etton 
Frank Norris       Serv  U  14  Farm servant indoors         Yorks, Aiko 
John Wise          Serv  U  16  Farm servant indoors         Yorks, Tickton 
Fred. Took         Serv  U  12  Farm servant indoors         Yorks, Kilnwick 
Watton Grange Farm 2008 - 78kB jpg
Above: Watton Grange Farm 2008, looking west from the first driveway
Source: geography © Copyright Peter Church and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons Licence
1805info1e, sheet 3
1881 Census  Sun/Mon 2/3rd April 1881
Source:      FHL Film  TNA Ref RG11 
             Piece 4793 Folio 122 Page 26 Sched 125
Dwelling:    12 Bridge Street  
Place:       Great Driffield, York ER, England

Name               Rel  Mar Age Occupation        Birthplace
Mary Jefferson     Head  U  70                    Yorks, Nafferton
Mary Nicholson    Niece  M  36                    Yorks, Nafferton 
Charles Nicholson  Neph      2                    Yorks, Scampston 
Emma Hoad          Serv  U  18  Domestic servant  Yorks, Barmston
In October 2010 12 Bridge Street, Driffield was offered for sale at £143000 as a:
  • 3 bed Mid Terrace House
  • A superb Victorian terraced house situated in a convenient location within walking distance of the town centre, park, schools and other main amenities.
  • The nicely presented and well fitted accommodation includes: entrance hall, living room, sitting/dining room, dining kitchen with appliances, two first floor double bedrooms and bathroom with four piece suite, attic double bedroom and shower room with WC.
  • Rear low maintenance garden.
  • Gas heating and double glazing.
  • Viewing essential.
The front of the property faces directly onto Bridge Street and there is a shared side pedestrian access which leads to the rear. To the rear of the property is a good sized walled area of garden on two levels including a raised secluded garden with paved area, gravel and mature trees.
12 Bridge Street, Driffield 2010 - 42kB jpg
Right: 12 Bridge Street, Driffield 2010
Estate agent's ground floor plan 12 Bridge Street, Driffield - 7kB gif Estate agent's first floor plan 12 Bridge Street, Driffield - 6kB gif Estate agent's second floor plan 12 Bridge Street, Driffield - 4kB gif
  Left and above: The estate agent's plans
  for 12 Bridge Street, Driffield, October   2010
1805info1e, sheet 4

Family fortunes continued to fall. In 1891 Craven NICHOLSON is employed as a domestic servant. Only Charles is at home.

1891 Census   Sun/Mon 5/6th April 1891
Source:       FHL Film  TNA Ref RG12
              Piece 3916 Folio 28 Page 13 Sched 88
Dwelling:     Swanland 
Place:        Swanland, York ER, England [North Ferriby, Hull]

Name                Rel Mar Age Occupation                   Employ  Birthplace
Craven Nicholson   Head  M  47  Coachman, groom Domestic St.         Yorks, Watton
Mary Nicholson     Wife  M  46                                       Yorks, Nafferton
Charles Nicholson   Son     12  Scholar                              Yorks, Scampston
Map locationg Swanland - 85kB gif
Above: A map locationg Swanland, to the east of Hull

Two of their sons were apprentices in Hull.

1891 Census   Sun/Mon 5/6th April 1891
Source:       FHL Film  TNA Ref RG12
              Piece 3941 Folio 36 Page 1 Sched 4 
Dwelling:     4 Pease Street, Holy Trinity [HU3 2EW]
Place:        Hull, York ER, England

Name                Rel Mar Age Occupation                    Employ  Birthplace
... 
Herbert Nicholson  Bord  U  15  Carriage builders apprentice  Worker  Yorks, Weaverthorpe
Edgar Nicholson    Bord  U  14  Cabinet maker's apprentice    Worker  Yorks, Weaverthorpe
1805info1e, sheet 4

In 1901 the whole family was living in a modest house in Hessle, Hull, perhaps living on a legacy. It is interesting to note that both sons were craftsmen. The original Pease Street appears to have been bombed during the War. The present Pease Street is a modern rebuild.

1901 Census   Sun/Mon 31st March/1st April 1901
Source:       FHL Film  TNA Ref RG13
              Piece: 4503 Folio: 52 Page: 12 Sched: 91 
Dwelling:     17 Victoria Street  [Hessle, HU13 9NL]
Place:        Hull, York ER, England

Name               Rel  Mar Age  Occupation         Status  Birthplace
Craven Nicholson   Head  M  57   Retired farmer             Yorks, Watton
Mary Nicholson     Wife  M  56                              Yorks, Nafferton 
Herbert Nicholson   Son  U  25   Coach body maker   Worker  Yorks, Weaverthorpe
Charles Nicholson   Son  U  22   Cycle builder      Worker  Yorks, Scampston
17 Victoria Street Hessle - 51kB jpg
Above: Near to 17 Victoria Street, Hessle in 2010, showing the type of housing in the 1901 census

The 1911 census reveals additional intriguing information. The couple had had eleven children of who three were alive in 1911. Craven had again return to work and had again retired. Mary still hung on to her birth right of Houndales.

1911 Census:      Sun/Mon 2nd April/3rd April 1911
Source:   TNA Ref:        RG14 PN28552  
          Reg. Gen. Ref:  RG78 PN1640  En.Dist: 9 Sched: 322
          RegDist: Beverley SubDist: Beverley
Dwelling: 188 Norwood              
Place:    Beverley, Yorkshire East Riding              
Rooms in dwelling, other than scullery, landing, lobby, closet, bathroom: 5
Years married: 44         
Children:      Alive 3, dead 8

Name               Rel Mar Age  Occupation            Status  Birthplace 
Craven Nicholson  Head  M  67   Tramway Motor Man Retired  Yorks, Watton  
Mary Nicholson    Wife  M  66                              Yorks, Houndales, Nafferton
Charles Nicholson  Son  S  32   Cycle Builder              Yorks, Scampston
1805info1e, sheet 5
118 Norwood Beverley - 48kB jpg
Above: 118 Norwood, Beverley, the Nicholson's retirement home of 1911
1911 Census:      Sun/Mon 2nd April/3rd April 1911
Source:   TNA Ref:        RG14 PN28775  
          Reg. Gen. Ref:  RG78 PN1652  En.Dist: 6 Sched: 336
          RegDist: Hull SubDist: Myton
Dwelling: 7 Etty Grove, Wyndham Street              
Place:    Hull, Yorkshire East Riding              
Rooms in dwelling, other than scullery, landing, lobby, closet, bathroom: 5
Years married: 2 years         
Children:      1 Alive , dead none 

Name                     Rel  Mar  Age  Occupation        Status  Birthplace 
Edgar Nicholson          Head  M   34   Cabinet Maker     Worker  Yorks, Weavthorpe  
Emma Gertrude Nicholson  Wife  M   32                             Yorks, Hull  
Charles Nicholson        Son   M   11mn                           Yorks, Hull  
Kate Tillard Niece       Serv  S   19   Servant Domestic  Worker  Kent, East Garnarch

The original Wyndham Street was adjacent to the Victoria Docks branch railway shed. Today, the area is modern terraced houses, on the original street pattern, around green areas.  Wyndham Street is an area of light industry.

Herbert NICHOLSON was born in the third quarter of 1875 (GRO ref: Driffield 9d 310).
Edgar NICHOLSON was born in the second quarter of 1877 (GRO ref: Driffield 9d 335).
Charles NICHOLSON was born in the first quarter of 1879 (GRO ref: Malton 9d 393).
The 1911 census suggests that eight more children had died.

Mary died in the third quarter of 1925 (GRO ref: Beverley 9d 107) and Craven in the second quarter of 1928 (GRO ref: Beverley 9d 111), still living in Beverley.


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This page was created by Richard Crompton
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Version A2
Updated 01 January 2010